Graphic Design special topics

Graphic Design special topics

Graphic Design all topics: In graphic design, information is communicated visually to the masses through visual content. A subset of Communication Design, Graphic Design uses elements such as photographs, colors, typography, illustrations, and icons to create visual content. 

1. Basic Design Principles

To create a composition that is effective and appealing, a designer must follow design principles. Design principles include Emphasis, Balance, Alignment, Contrast, Repetition, Proportion, Movement, and White Space.

A design differs from art in that it must serve a purpose. By making sure that an image has a focal point, this functionality is interpreted visually.

2. Vector vs Raster

Raster (or bitmap) images are described by an array or map of bits within a rectangular grid of pixels or dots. A vector image contains lines, shapes, and other graphic components in a format that incorporates geometric formulas for rendering the elements. Raster (bitmap) image: At 100%, the bitmap version of the image looks almost identical to the vector version. Vector images are created by defining points and curves. It is important to note that vector graphics remain crisp and sharp even when scaled.

3. RGB vs CMYK

The CMYK color mode is used for printing with ink, such as business cards and the RGB color mode is intended for screen displays.

In CMYK mode, the more colors added, the darker the result. RGB is lighter when more colors are added. 

RGB has a numerical range of 3×256; CMYK has a numerical range of 4×100. it produces energetic colors that are difficult to reproduce in CMYK.

4. Color Modes

Color modes allow designers to show colors consistently across devices and materials. They include LAB, RGB, CMYK, index, grayscale, and bitmap, which differ in quality and size. Images are optimized and ensured to appear identically across media by designers.

5. Color Psychology

In simple terms, color psychology is the study of how colors influence human behavior. Their primary colors are red, yellow, green, and blue. Human emotions and perceptions are affected differently by each of them.

In order for an interface to be user-friendly, color is essential. An app icon is a good example. This is the first thing users see, so you want it to be the right one and entice them to check out your app.

6. Creativity

The process of graphic creativity involves converting raw materials and solid forms into interactive live forms and designs. As a result, the user experiences the feeling story of graphic art and lives through it to meet psychological and social needs.

7. S.P.A.C.E

In design, space refers to the distance and/or area between objects or elements. When you put an image on a page, the area that doesn’t contain the image would be space. The space can also be called white space (if it’s on a white page) or negative space.

8. Printing Techniques

A designer should be familiar with both old and updated printing techniques. In graphic design, it’s impossible to come up with something unique and unusual without extensive knowledge. That’s why if you want to design high-quality artwork, you should use the right printing method.

9. Marks and Margins

A mark is a simple graphic shape, such as a square or circle. In addition to geometric shapes (triangles, circles, ovals, and so on), abstract forms (without a specific shape), and organic shapes (curved and loose), there are many different kinds of marks.

A margin is a space between a border and the next element in your design. Consider the space outside the border and between it and other elements. This is all the margin.

10. Measurement Size units

Measuring type is important for scale and conversion. Picas and points are used to measure type. In type measurements, a pica is used. In 1 inch, there is 6 pica. Lines of type are most commonly measured with picas. Pica originally measured lines of type using typewriters. The Pica typewriter type provided ten characters per linear inch and six lines per vertical inch.

In addition to type, there are points. The point is also used to measure type. In an inch, there are 72 points, and in a pica, there are 12 points.

11. Cost Estimations

12. Types of Logos

Logos are visual representations of organizations or companies that can be easily understood and recognized. It is usually either a symbol or stylized text that makes up a logo. A graphic artist often creates a logo in consultation with a company’s marketing department.

13. Case Studies

In case studies, designers describe their design processes using descriptive text and images. Also, they are a great way for designers to highlight problem-solving abilities and small but powerful design features that might otherwise go unnoticed.

14. Career Options

  • Web & User Interface Design
  • Graphic illustration
  •  Packaging Design
  • Marketing & Advertising Design
  •  Brand Identity Design
  • Data Visualization & Infographic Design
  • Data Visualization & Infographic Design

15. Portfolio and Resumes

Portfolios are visual collections of your work, showcasing your accomplishments and what you hope to accomplish in the future. Portfolios are crucial to showcasing your talents as a graphic designer.

A resume is a formal document listing a job candidate’s qualifications.

16. Imposition

Imposition means arranging a book’s pages so they appear in order after the printed signature sheets are folded and trimmed. To arrange the book’s pages into the best layout, your printer will likely use imposition software.

17. Graphic File Format

The digital images of graphics are stored in a number of standardized graphic file formats, such as bitmap, TIFF, JPEG, GIF, and PNG. They may also be stored in their raw, unprocessed form.

The data may be compressed, uncompressed, or vectorized. Each image format has its own advantages and disadvantages. When it comes to web images, JPG or PNG are best. TIFF is ideal for printing.

18. Design Software applications

Designed software is used to create, edit, and view graphics and images of all types, including photography, 3D design, and website front ends.

Different types of design software applications:

  • Adobe Photoshop (Editor’s Choice)
  • Adobe Illustrator.
  • Adobe InDesign.
  • CorelDRAW.
  • Sketch.

19. Typography

Typography involves arranging letters and text in a way that makes the copy legible, clear, and visually appealing. This involves font style, appearance, and structure, all of which aim to evoke certain emotions and convey specific messages.

20. Hindi Typing

21. Color Separations

The color separation process involves separating original full-color digital files into individual colors for printing in a four-color process. Every element in the file is printed in a combination of four colors: cyan, magenta, yellow, and black, known as CMYK in the world of commercial printing.

22. Printing and scanning

A printer is an external hardware device that generates hard copies of text and graphics from the computer. Basically, it processes the soft copy and produces its hard copy.

Scanners produce identical images from a source object, allowing them to be displayed or processed. Specifically, it scans photographs and pages of text and turns them into digital files.

23. Prepare for the service bureau

24. Internet Techniques Tips

25. Offset Printing

Offset printing involves transferring the inked image from a plate to a rubber blanket and then to the printing surface. it uses planographic image carriers in conjunction with the lithographic process, which is based on the repulsion of oil and water.

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